Ethtool is a great tool you can use to adjust several settings at your NIC.
It’s especially great to detect if a cable is connected or not. Say you’ve got 3 NIC’s at your server, your hooking up one to the switch and wondering did I hook up eth0, eth1 or eth2 now (?)
# ethtool eth1 Settings for eth1: Supported ports: [ TP ] Supported link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 1000baseT/Full Supports auto-negotiation: Yes Advertised link modes: 10baseT/Half 10baseT/Full 100baseT/Half 100baseT/Full 1000baseT/Full Advertised auto-negotiation: Yes Speed: 1000Mb/s Duplex: Full Port: Twisted Pair PHYAD: 0 Transceiver: internal Auto-negotiation: on Supports Wake-on: umbg Wake-on: d Current message level: 0x00000007 (7) Link detected: yes
As we can see ‘Link detected: yes, we’ve got a winner.
Note: you have to bring up the interface with :
> # ifconfig eth1 up
or else ethtool will say the link is not detected even if a cable is attached.